Black and Grey Holes

In a previous post, I explained how differences in the speed of expulsion (vx) and escape velocity (ve) could affect how a starlike density (D) is expressed and how it does (or doesn’t) expel essential elements (E). The general formula for the residual velocity (vr) is:


When conditions are such that residual velocity for all elements expelled from density D is less than the minimum speed of light, then D itself emits no light. If the density of D is high enough, external light falling under the cohesive power of D would also not escape (i.e., pass through or be reflected) as EMR, further making the area around D “black”. This is what is typically known – in current models – as a black hole.

However, according to CEC, not all black holes emit nothing. To better understand this, let’s first look at the most classic example of a black hole.

When a cataclysmic collapse of a density – like a star going supernova – occurs, the remnant core of the density becomes super-dense. The core contains only individual elements whose densities are at the very high end of the spectrum (i.e., their sizes are extremely small). All the less-dense elements have been expelled in the supernova event. These cores are so dense, their elements so tiny, that any further expulsions from within them never exceed escape velocity. (For all elements, ve > vx.)

Any element being expelled beyond the core’s boundary falls back to the core. The cohesive power of the super-dense core also attracts other neighbouring elements, creating the “hole” part of the black hole, with a boundary at the event horizon. All of this happens through the force of attraction – the counterpart of expulsion.

However, most black holes in the Universe do not stay in this simple formation for very long. As noted above, these densities attract other less-dense material through their great cohesion/gravity. As mentioned previously, nothing can speed up or slow down an element’s natural cascade of essence between states. This means that this newly attracted material does not get immediately crushed to infinitesimal size itself (as common theory indicates). Instead, this new material accretes to the black hole’s core, coating it like a gigantic gobstopper.

As this attracted material coats the core, the cohesive force of the core on individual elements is immense. The process of expulsion on the lighter elements in the coating happens rapidly but, in most cases, the escape velocity from the density is still too great for these elements to escape. Instead they end up falling back towards the density. As the core’s coating gets thicker and thicker (as more material falls into the black hole), the speed of expulsion of elements in the coating increases – eventually exceeding the escape velocity of the density. When that happens, the black hole changes into a grey hole, a density that appears black but is, in fact, expelling slow-moving elements.


Winds are emitted from a grey hole.
(Photo: NASA/CXC/M.Weiss)

These grey holes would emit streams of low-density elements at sub-light speeds, elements that would be perceived as cosmic winds. Each expelled element would affect the space around it in an infinitesimal way but, in combination, they would produce a very measurable effect.

A 2012 article from NASA, entitled “NASA’s Chandra Finds Fastest Wind From Stellar-Mass Black Hole”, shows windlike effects coming from a black/grey hole:

Astronomers using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory have clocked the fastest wind yet discovered blowing off a disk around a stellar-mass black hole. This result has important implications for understanding how this type of black hole behaves. The record-breaking wind is moving about 20 million mph, or about 3 percent of the speed of light. This is nearly 10 times faster than had ever been seen from a stellar-mass black hole. … Astronomers believe that magnetic fields in the disks of black holes are responsible for producing both winds and jets. The geometry of the magnetic fields and rate at which material falls towards the black hole must influence whether jets or winds are produced.

CEC predicts that these winds are coming not from the magnetic fields of a black hole, but from expulsion of elements from a grey hole at sub-light speeds. There may be fields directing the winds, but they are produced by expulsion from inside the grey hole.

I also believe that other types of cosmic objects (e.g., quasars, neutron stars, etc.) can also be explained as variants of these densities with super-dense cores. But that is for another day…

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